Principle intended to ensure that controllers are more generally in control and in the position to ensure and demonstrate compliance with data protection principles in practice. Accountability requires that controllers put in place internal mechanisms and control systems that ensure compliance and provide evidence – such as audit reports – to demonstrate compliance to external stakeholders, including supervisory authorities.
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) is a proposed multilateral trade agreement for establishing international standards on intellectual-property-rights enforcement throughout the participating countries. Its proponents describe it as a response "to the increase in global trade of counterfeit goods and pirated copyright-protected works." The scope of ACTA is broad, including counterfeit goods, generic medicines, and "piracy over the Internet".
In February 2010, the EDPS issued an opinion on the negotiations aimed at adopting the new agreement in which he warned against its potential incompatibility with the EU data protection regime.
An “adequacy decision” is a decision adopted by the European Commission on the basis of Article 25(6) of Directive 95/46/EC, which establishes that a third country ensures an adequate level of protection of personal data by reason of its domestic law or the international commitments it has entered into.
The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from the 27 EU Member States and the three European Economic Area member countries (Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland) to that third country, without any further safeguards.
The Commission has so far issued seven adequacy decisions recognizing Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Guernsey, Isle of Man, the US Department of Commerce's Safe Harbor Privacy Principles, and the transfer of Air Passenger Name Record (PNR) data to the United States' Bureau of Customs and Border Protection as providing adequate protection.
Adequacy decisions are adopted pursuant to the so-called "comitology procedure", which involves the following steps:
The "Article 29 Working Party" is the short name of the Data Protection Working Party established by Article 29 of Directive 95/46/EC. It provides the European Commission with independent advice on data protection matters and helps in the development of harmonised policies for data protection in the EU Member States.
The Working Party is composed of:
The Article 31 Committee was established by Article 31 of Directive 95/46/EC.
It is comprised of representatives of the Member States who cooperate in taking decisions whenever Member States' approval is required under the Directive. By way of example, the Committee cooperates in the procedure for the adoption of Adequacy decisions.
An “automated individual decision” is a decision which significantly affects a person and which is based solely on automated processing of personal data in order to evaluate this person. Such an evaluation may relate to different personal aspects, such as performance at work, creditworthiness, reliability, conduct, etc.
Article 15 of Directive 95/46/EC and Article 19 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 lay down the right for individuals to object to decisions about them and solely based on automated means, unless certain conditions are fulfilled or appropriate safeguards are put in place.
An ethical approach to fundamental rights - read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli
Breaking the rules: conducting administrative inquiries in the EU institutions - read the latest blogpost by Wojciech Wiewiórowski
An ancient city looking to the future: The 38th International Privacy Conference in Marrakech - read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli
A smart approach: counteract the bias in artificial intelligence - read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli.
Data protection for digital communication - read the latest blogpost by Wojciech Wiewiórowski.
Conference on Economic Developments in European Competition Policy, Big Data and the Search for a Competition Problem, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium
Giovanni Buttarelli meeting Terrell McSweeny, Commissioner, US Federal Trade Commission, Brussels Belgium
7th Annual Data Protection and Privacy Conference, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium
Giovanni Buttarelli meeting with Rob Wainwright, Director of Europol, Brussels, Belgium
Giovanni Buttarelli participates in the meeting of High Level Expert Group on Information Systems and Interoperability, Brussels, Belgium
46th Asia Pacific Privacy Authorities Forum, panel on International Cooperation. Personal Data Protection Agreements. Relevant Experiences and Convention 108, Speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Manzanillo, Mexico
Wojciech Wiewiórowski receives a delegation from Korea Internet Security Agency, Brussels, Belgium
Wojciech Wiewiórowski pays a visit to European Union Intellectual Property Office, Alicante, Spain