Principle intended to ensure that controllers are more generally in control and in the position to ensure and demonstrate compliance with data protection principles in practice. Accountability requires that controllers put in place internal mechanisms and control systems that ensure compliance and provide evidence – such as audit reports – to demonstrate compliance to external stakeholders, including supervisory authorities.
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) is a proposed multilateral trade agreement for establishing international standards on intellectual-property-rights enforcement throughout the participating countries. Its proponents describe it as a response "to the increase in global trade of counterfeit goods and pirated copyright-protected works." The scope of ACTA is broad, including counterfeit goods, generic medicines, and "piracy over the Internet".
In February 2010, the EDPS issued an opinion on the negotiations aimed at adopting the new agreement in which he warned against its potential incompatibility with the EU data protection regime.
An “adequacy decision” is a decision adopted by the European Commission on the basis of Article 25(6) of Directive 95/46/EC, which establishes that a third country ensures an adequate level of protection of personal data by reason of its domestic law or the international commitments it has entered into.
The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from the 27 EU Member States and the three European Economic Area member countries (Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland) to that third country, without any further safeguards.
The Commission has so far issued seven adequacy decisions recognizing Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Guernsey, Isle of Man, the US Department of Commerce's Safe Harbor Privacy Principles, and the transfer of Air Passenger Name Record (PNR) data to the United States' Bureau of Customs and Border Protection as providing adequate protection.
Adequacy decisions are adopted pursuant to the so-called "comitology procedure", which involves the following steps:
The "Article 29 Working Party" is the short name of the Data Protection Working Party established by Article 29 of Directive 95/46/EC. It provides the European Commission with independent advice on data protection matters and helps in the development of harmonised policies for data protection in the EU Member States.
The Working Party is composed of:
The Article 31 Committee was established by Article 31 of Directive 95/46/EC.
It is comprised of representatives of the Member States who cooperate in taking decisions whenever Member States' approval is required under the Directive. By way of example, the Committee cooperates in the procedure for the adoption of Adequacy decisions.
An “automated individual decision” is a decision which significantly affects a person and which is based solely on automated processing of personal data in order to evaluate this person. Such an evaluation may relate to different personal aspects, such as performance at work, creditworthiness, reliability, conduct, etc.
Article 15 of Directive 95/46/EC and Article 19 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 lay down the right for individuals to object to decisions about them and solely based on automated means, unless certain conditions are fulfilled or appropriate safeguards are put in place.
Our latest newsletter is online now.
What to expect when we inspect - read the new EDPS Factsheet on inspections
An ethical approach to fundamental rights - read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli
Breaking the rules: conducting administrative inquiries in the EU institutions - read the latest blogpost by Wojciech Wiewiórowski
An ancient city looking to the future: The 38th International Privacy Conference in Marrakech - read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli
Ch@arterClick! Project Workshop, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli in Interactive Key-Note Panel: Plurality of legal instruments governing data protection – objectives, interactions, added value, Florence, Italy (via a video link)
Giovanni Buttarelli participates in DAPIX meeting, Brussels, Belgium
Giovanni Buttarelli and Wojciech Wiewiórowski meeting with Mrs Mari Sonoda, Secretary-General for PPC Secretariat, Brussels, Belgium
S&D Workshop on Consumers' rights in the digital world, European Parliament, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli in panel on Relationship between the DCD and the GDPR, Brussels, Belgium
S&D Workshop on Consumers' rights in the digital world, European Parliament, Participation of Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Brussels, Belgium
VUB Data Protection Law Reading Group, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli and Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Brussels, Belgium
Meeting of the Nordic Data Protection Commissioners, Participation of Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Brussels, Belgium
5th Data Protection Forum with ICO Commissioner Elizabeth Denham, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli and Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Brussels, Belgium