Accessibility Tools


The EDPS has identified a number of topics of specific relevance which have become subject to an extensive analysis and the elaboration of a paper. There are three categories:

  1. Position paper
  2. Background paper
  3. Policy paper

A position paper touches upon areas which fall under the EDPS' supervisory tasks. By issuing a position paper, the EDPS gives his authentic interpretation of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 on certain points. In that sense, a position paper gives visibility and guidance on a particular topic.

Background papers deal with specific areas where the EDPS feels that a preliminary or further developed analysis is needed. By issuing a background paper, the EDPS gives his view on how to come to a balanced and proportionate solution in a particular field.

A policy paper clarifies the way in which the EDPS intends to exercise his tasks and powers, such as his consultative role with respect to proposals for new legislation. This allows institutions and bodies or other parties involved to take that policy into account and enables the EDPS to be more effective.

Position papers

Transfer of personal data to third countries

The transfer of personal data to third countries and international organisations by EU institutions and bodies, 14 July 2014

Data Protection Officer

Role of Data Protection Officers (DPO) in ensuring effective compliance with Regulation (EC) No 45/2001, 28 November 2005

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Background papers


Developing a 'toolkit' for assessing the necessity of measures that interfere with fundamental rights, 16 June 2016


Public access to documents and data protection

Transparency and data protection are both essential elements of democratic life in the EU, and both contribute to good governance. The interaction between these rights - i.e. the way in which to deal with public access to documents containing personal data - may however be perceived as difficult. Providing guidelines for the EU administration, the paper describes the two rights and their legal backgrounds. It also gives a list of examples and a checklist.

When dealing with these cases, it is imperative that the responsible officials make a concrete and individual examination of the specific document. Firstly, disclosure can only be refused if the privacy of an individual is at stake. Secondly, the negative effect of disclosure of someone's personal data must be substantial and thirdly it has to be examined if data protection legislation allows disclosure.

Public access to documents containing personal data after the Bavarian Lager ruling, 24 March 2011.


The previous background document of 2005 the relevant parts of which are referred to in the "Public access to documents containing personal data after the Bavarian Lager ruling".




Speech delivered at LIBE Committee on 12 July 2005


Conclusions on releasing further information about lobbyists, 31 August 2006


Policy papers

The EDPS as Supervisor of Large-Scale IT Systems

The EDPS as Supervisor of Large-Scale IT Systems and Member of Supervision Coordination Groups


The EDPS as an advisor to EU institutions on policy and legislation

The EDPS as an advisor to EU institutions on policy and legislation: building on ten years of experience


Consultations in the field of Supervision and Enforcement

Policy on Consultations in the field of Supervision and Enforcement, 23 November 2012


Monitoring and Ensuring Compliance with Regulation (EC) 45/2001

Monitoring and Ensuring Compliance with Regulation (EC) 45/2001, 13 December 2010


The EDPS and EU Research and Technological Development

The EDPS and EU Research and Technological Development, 28 April 2008


The EDPS as an advisor to the Community institutions

The EDPS as an advisor to the Community institutions on proposals for legislation and related documents, 18 March 2005

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  • 17 August 2016

    The EDPS, in collaboration with European consumer organisation BEUC, is hosting a joint conference on Big Data: individual rights and smart enforcement. The conference will take place in Brussels on 29 September 2016. For more information on the conference and how to register, visit the EDPS Events page.

  • 05 August 2016

    Our IT services are undergoing scheduled maintenance from 12 to 15 August. Please note that, for technical reasons, we cannot guarantee that the complaints and annexed files submitted during this period will reach us - despite a possible acknowledgement of receipt. Should you not receive any acknowledgement of receipt within 10 working days from submitting your complaint, please do let us know.

  • 25 July 2016

    ePrivacy rules should be smarter, clearer, stronger. Read the EDPS opinion and the press release.

  • 18 July 2016

    Data protection and Whistleblowing in the EU Institutions. Please read the EDPS guidelines and the press release.

  • 15 July 2016

    The EDPS’ free app, EU Data Protection, has been updated! You can now consult the texts of General Data Protection Regulation (REG) 2016/679 and the Directive 2016/680 for the police and criminal justice sector alongside the texts they replace.

  • 26 July 2016

    Fablab on GDPR, Participation of Wojciech Wiewiórowski and Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium

  • 25 July 2016

    Extraordinary Plenary Session of the Article 29 Working Party, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium

  • 21 July 2016

    45th Asia Pacific Privacy Authorities Forum, Participation and speeches of Giovanni Buttarelli on Update on EU GDPR and Calibrating Privacy Principles to a Big Data and Digital Society, Singapore

  • 14 July 2016

    Launch of EU Data Protection Whitepaper, British Chamber of Commerce in Denmark, Keynote speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium

  • 07 July 2016

    Marketing and profiling in the European Union, participation and speeches by Giovanni Buttarelli and Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Brussels, Belgium

  • 06 July 2016

    Privacy Laws & Business Annual International Conference, Wojciech Wiewiórowski in panels on Privacy terms and conditions and How data protection rules should be enforced in tandem with competition and consumer policy, Cambridge, UK

  • 06 July 2016

    Confindustria Radio Televisioni General Assembly 2016, Giovanni Buttarelli in a panel on Authority, Markets and Rights, Rome, Italy

  • 30 June 2016

    Reframing Data Transparency, Wojciech Wiewiórowski in a Roundtable Discussion organised by the Centre for Information Policy Leadership and Telefónica, London, UK