The Terrorist Finance Tracking Program (TFTP) is a United States government program to access the SWIFT transaction database, revealed by The New York Times in June 2006. Based in Belgium, SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) establishes common standards for financial transactions worldwide. The Terrorist Finance Tracking Program is viewed as a tool in the "Global War on Terrorism". It is said to allow additional scrutiny that could prove instrumental in tracking transactions between terrorist cells. Concerns have been raised that this classified program might be a violation of U.S. and European financial privacy laws, because individual search warrants to access financial data were not obtained in advance.
In February 2010, on the basis of these privacy concerns, the European Parliament rejected the conclusion of an agreement allowing US authorities access to European financial transactions data. In May 2010, the Commission started negotiating a new agreement, with the aim of ensuring better data protection safeguards.
The EDPS adopted an opinion on the European Commission's draft agreement in June 2010 in which he called for further data protection improvements. In July 2010, the European Parliament gave its approval to the conclusion of a revised agreement.
A third country is a country which has not adopted a national law for the implementation of Directive 95/46/EC - as opposed to the 27 Member States of the EU and the three European Economic Area (EEA) countries Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland.
Third countries need to ensure an adequate level of protection for personal data in order to enable transfers of personal data from the EU and EEA Member States to them.
The Commission has so far recognized Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey and the US Department of Commerce's Safe Harbor Privacy Principles, as providing adequate protection.
The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from the EU and EEA Member States to that third country (within the limit of the material scope as described by each Decision) without any further safeguards.
See also: Q&A on Transfer of personal data
According to Article 2 (f) of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001, third party shall mean "a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or body, other than the data subject, the controller, the processor and the persons who, under the direct authority of the controller or the processor are authorised to process the data."
In the context of the EU institutions and bodies, a third party may be a public authority or private party which temporarily needs to process the personal data of an official. This may be the case, for instance, if an official, who moves to his workplace to start work and who is temporarily entitled to VAT-exemption, buys a car. In that case, the car company, the insurance company, the Ministry of Finance and the authority responsible for the car register would be third parties.
Traffic data are data processed for the purpose of the conveyance of a communication on an electronic communications network.
According to the means of communication used, the data needed to convey the communication will vary, but may typically include contact details, time and location data.
Although such traffic data are to be distinguished from content data, both are quite sensitive as they give insight in confidential communications. These data therefore enjoy special protection in Articles 5 and 6 of the E-privacy Directive 2009/136/EC and Articles 36 and 37 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001.
See: Data transfer
GDPR requires DPOs: EU institutions leading by example. Read the latest blogpost by Wojciech Wiewiórowski.
Counterterrorism and Data Privacy: A European Perspective. Read the speech by Giovanni Buttarelli given at to the symposium on Governing Intelligence: Transnational Approaches to Oversight and Security, hosted by the Center on Law and Security and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Ethics at the Root of Privacy and as the Future of Data Protection. Read the address by Giovanni Buttarelli given at event hosted by Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University and the MIT Internet Policy Initiative and the MIT Media Lab.
On 16 June 2016 the EDPS will meet the civil society organisations to discuss the state of data protection and privacy in the EU. Read more and sign up here!
Privacy: The Competitive Advantage, Speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski, London, UK
Conference on General Data Protection Regulation, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli (via video), Copenhagen, Denmark
39th DPO meeting hosted by Eurofound, Introductory speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Dublin, Ireland
European Data Protection Days, Keynote by Giovanni Buttarelli on Enduring values and sustainable solutions: The GDPR as a catalyst for individual digital rights across the globe and participation in a discussion on Chances, challenges and the latest developments in international data protection, Berlin, Germany
Intelligence Oversight Conference, New York University School of Law, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, New York, USA
Giovanni Buttarelli visits the Congress, Washington, D.C., USA
10th Annual Digital Regulation Forum, Policies for the Digital Single Market; an Evolution or a Revolution?, Interactive Panel Discussion: How does the emergence of online platforms affect the Digital Single Market?, Speech by Wojciech Wiewiórowski, London, UK
Annual Congress of Italian DPOs (ASSO), Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli (via video), Milan, Italy