The Terrorist Finance Tracking Program (TFTP) is a United States government program to access the SWIFT transaction database, revealed by The New York Times in June 2006. Based in Belgium, SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) establishes common standards for financial transactions worldwide. The Terrorist Finance Tracking Program is viewed as a tool in the "Global War on Terrorism". It is said to allow additional scrutiny that could prove instrumental in tracking transactions between terrorist cells. Concerns have been raised that this classified program might be a violation of U.S. and European financial privacy laws, because individual search warrants to access financial data were not obtained in advance.
In February 2010, on the basis of these privacy concerns, the European Parliament rejected the conclusion of an agreement allowing US authorities access to European financial transactions data. In May 2010, the Commission started negotiating a new agreement, with the aim of ensuring better data protection safeguards.
The EDPS adopted an opinion on the European Commission's draft agreement in June 2010 in which he called for further data protection improvements. In July 2010, the European Parliament gave its approval to the conclusion of a revised agreement.
A third country is a country which has not adopted a national law for the implementation of Directive 95/46/EC - as opposed to the 27 Member States of the EU and the three European Economic Area (EEA) countries Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland.
Third countries need to ensure an adequate level of protection for personal data in order to enable transfers of personal data from the EU and EEA Member States to them.
The Commission has so far recognized Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey and the US Department of Commerce's Safe Harbor Privacy Principles, as providing adequate protection.
The effect of such a decision is that personal data can flow from the EU and EEA Member States to that third country (within the limit of the material scope as described by each Decision) without any further safeguards.
See also: Q&A on Transfer of personal data
According to Article 2 (f) of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001, third party shall mean "a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or body, other than the data subject, the controller, the processor and the persons who, under the direct authority of the controller or the processor are authorised to process the data."
In the context of the EU institutions and bodies, a third party may be a public authority or private party which temporarily needs to process the personal data of an official. This may be the case, for instance, if an official, who moves to his workplace to start work and who is temporarily entitled to VAT-exemption, buys a car. In that case, the car company, the insurance company, the Ministry of Finance and the authority responsible for the car register would be third parties.
Traffic data are data processed for the purpose of the conveyance of a communication on an electronic communications network.
According to the means of communication used, the data needed to convey the communication will vary, but may typically include contact details, time and location data.
Although such traffic data are to be distinguished from content data, both are quite sensitive as they give insight in confidential communications. These data therefore enjoy special protection in Articles 5 and 6 of the E-privacy Directive 2009/136/EC and Articles 36 and 37 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001.
See: Data transfer
60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties. Giovanni Buttarelli to participate in the meeting of the 27 EU heads of state and heads of European Union institutions in Rome, Italy.
2018 International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners to be hosted in Brussels. Read the press statement.
Giovanni Buttarelli meeting with Greg Nojeim, Senior Counsel and Director, Freedom, Security and Technology Project, Center for Democracy & Technology (CDT), Brussels, Belgium
Giovanni Buttarelli meeting with Cornelia Ernst, MEP, Brussels, Belgium
Processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies, Study group meeting, EESC, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels Belgium
60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli in the meeting of the 27 EU heads of state and heads of European Union institutions, Rome, Italy
Forum on International Privacy Law, Participation of Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Königstein, Germany
Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli in DAPIX, Brussels, Belgium
Concurrences Review, Law & Economics Workshop: Big Data, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, Brussels, Belgium
Regulating Privacy through Ethical Standards and Accountability Principles in the era of Big Data, Keynote speech of Wojciech Wiewiórowski: Towards a new digital ethics – data, dignity and technology: How to ensure accountability in personal data management?, Brussels, Belgium