The right to protection of personal data is a fundamental right. It is different from, but closely linked to, the right to respect for private and family life. This distinction is notably made in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights - which mentions the two rights separately, although next to each other in Articles 7 and 8.
Data protection is highly developed in the EU. The central piece of legislation is Directive 95/46/EC , which regulates the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data. Implemented into national laws, the Directive applies to all EU Member States as well as to Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 lays down the same rights and obligations, but on the level of the EU institutions and bodies. It also establishes the EDPS as independent supervisory authority with the task of ensuring that the Regulation is complied with.
Citizens who feel that their rights have been infringed should contact the competent data protection authority, at national or European level.
As this is a specialised field, some useful information is available in the glossary, and the Q&A section of this website. This may also be helpful for those who want to know more about the obligations they need to comply with.
Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Privacy and Data Protection - 38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners.
Big data rights: Let’s get together- read the latest blogpost by Giovanni Buttarelli.
VII edition of the Diplomacy Festival, The season of uncertainties. In search of new policies for the Coexistence and Integration, Giovanni Buttarelli participates in the debate on Privacy shield: data exchange and trade relations EU-US, Rome, Italy
38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners: Opening new territories for privacy, Keynote speech by Giovanni Buttarelli, Adequacy, Localization and Cultural Determinism, Marrakesh, Morocco
ISC GDPR Seminar: The Impact of the General Data Protection Regulation on collaborative science in Europe, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli on Implications of the GDPR on Science and Research (via a video link), Brussels, Belgium
Technology, Challenges and Effective Governance, IAF/FPF Side Event at ICDPPC, Speech by Giovanni Buttarelli on The Future of Technology and Data Governance, Marrakesh, Morocco
38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (ICDPPC): Opening new territories for privacy, Participation of Wojciech Wiewiórowski, Marrakesh, Morocco
38th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (ICDPPC): Opening new territories for privacy, Participation of Giovanni Buttarelli, Marrakesh, Morocco
Giovanni Buttarelli meeting the Italian Federation of Private Investigators to discuss privacy codes of conduct, Rome, Italy